Biocatal. Biotrans., 21, 305-314 (2003)
Carvalho, C. C. R. de, Pons, M.-N., Fonseca, M. M. R. da
The effect of some solvents, present in different amounts, upon whole cells of Rhodococcus erythropolis DCL14 carrying out the biotransformation of (m)-carveol to (m)-carvone was studied. The solvents tested were ethyl butyrate, n-hexane, cyclohexane, iso-octane, n-dodecane, dimethyl sulfoxide, bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and FC-70. The volumes of each solvent corresponded to organic:aqueous phase ratios of 0.0005, 0.0025, 0.005, 0.025 and 0.2. To assess any potential solvent protection towards substrate toxicity, assays were carried out at two initial carveol concentrations (15 and 50 mM). Carvone accumulation was followed by gas chromatography. Cell viability, several aspects of cell morphology and the ability to form clusters were monitored by fluorescence microscopy. Principal components analysis (PCA) was used as a tool to explain the differences in the observations of the multidimensional data set obtained from the multiple conditions. PCA using the different volumes of each solvent as variable suggests that the variability of the observations can be summarised in six components which represent 79.4% of the variance of the data. Conversely, using cell and solvent data to perform the PCA, 97.1% of the variance of the data can be summarised in three components, the first two capturing 91.0% of the information. These components seem to represent solvent toxicity and a protective effect of the solvent from carveol toxicity.
Keywords: PCA; biotransformation; cell behaviour; organic solvents; phase ratio
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